Monday, 20 April 2015

Nuclear Alchemy

Nuclear Alchemy

If only we could turn uranium and plutonium,
to non-radioactive gold.
We could fulfil the dream of the alchemists of Old.
And vindicate their poisoned dreams
Oh? How many alchemists died from heavy metals?
How many were seduced by gold shines,
into dreams of turning lead to gold.
If only uranium were good for more than boiling water,
and blowing up cities, and killing civilians downstream?
If only we weren't filling the world,
with poisoned particles and deadly salts.
But after a thousand years of dreams and poisoned death
Alchemists never found their gold
Now it turns out that our Nuclear Alchemists
Like their forefathers before them
Are poisoning all of us with fools gold
Christopher H. Holte 4/20/2015

I was going to put this on my blog, but thought folks interested in what is going on Fukushima might appreciate it.

Sunday, 19 April 2015

Report says 32 million people in Japan are exposed to radiation from the Fukushima nuclear disaster



(PRWEB UK) 11 March 2015
11 March, 2015 | Geneva: Approximately 32 million people in Japan are affected by the radioactive fallout from the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, according to the 2015 Fukushima Report now available from Green Cross. This includes people who were exposed to radiation or other stress factors resulting from the accident, and who are consequently at potential risk from both long and short-term consequences.
The 2015 Fukushima Report is available for download in English at
As with the Chernobyl nuclear accident, which impacted 10 million people, Japan is expected to see increased cancer risk and neuropsychological long-term health consequences. The stress-related effects of evacuation and subsequent relocation are also of concern. The evacuation involved a total of over 400,000 individuals, 160,000 of them from within 20km of Fukushima. The number of deaths from the nuclear disaster attributed to stress, fatigue and the hardship of living as evacuees is estimated to be around 1,700 so far.
... Trace amounts of radiation have already reached the North American continent, in particular parts of the North West Coast of the United States. The overall risk of cancer will increase, especially for those who were still children at the time of the accident. Their health will be at risk over their entire lifetime as a result of the radiation released by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
According to calculations by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), the total atmospheric release of radioactive material from the Fukushima nuclear disaster (iodine-131, cesium-134, cesium-137, and noble gases) was estimated to be less than 15 percent of the total radiation emitted by the Chernobyl accident [ED: Bullshit] “However, the number of people affected by radiation in Japan has tripled compared to Chernobyl,” said Nathalie Gysi of Green Cross Switzerland.
In addition to the radioactive material initially released in the ocean, water leakage at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant remains a problem four years after the accident. Reports of pipes breaking and water escaping from containment tanks in the months and years since the accident are a source of worry for workers and the public. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) reported that radioactive material had been released as late as May of 2013. [ED: And continuing]
There continue to be concerns about additional psychological stress and rising doubts over the safety of seafood, such as radioactivity levels in tuna and other fish. The threshold for cesium in Japan is 100 Becquerel per kilogram. Flounders caught close to the Fukushima Daiichi power plant were found to have high cesium levels, exceeding the allowable limit of 100 Becquerel.
The Fukushima Report was prepared under the direction of Prof. Jonathan M. Samet, Director of the Institute for Global Health at the University of Southern California (USC), as a Green Cross initiative. A systematic approach was taken to gather information regarding the number of people affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster, using the same measurement standards as a similar 2012 study on Chernobyl.
About Green Cross International:

GCI is an independent non-profit and nongovernmental organization founded in 1993 by Nobel Peace Laureate Mikhail Gorbachev. It addresses the interconnected global challenges of security, poverty and environmental degradation through global advocacy and local projects. GCI is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and has a network of national organizations in 27 countries
For further information, please contact:
Green Cross International (GCI)

Etienne Lacombe-Kishibe

Communications Coordinator

Phone: +41 22 789 08 13

Mob: +41 78 839 79 03

Email: etienne.lacombe(at)gci(dot)ch
Social media:

Follow Green Cross International on FacebookTwitter,LinkedInGoogle+ and YouTube

Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Highly Contaminated Water Remains in Unit 1 Basement

As groundwater has been pumped up via the outdoor subdrain pits, this has created a situation where the standing water in the basements could end up higher than the surrounding groundwater.
TEPCO is making an effort to lower the water level in some of the basement rooms of the unit 1 reactor buildings.
This work also showed that much of the water still sitting in certain areas of the basements of unit 1 is highly radioactive as seen in this table below.
TEPCO is installing more water level monitoring sensors to better control the water in the basements.
This could lead to more contaminated water leaking out of the buildings.

 Source: Tepco handout

Radiation Exposure – Nosebleed in Fukushima – Internal Exposure

福島の鼻血「内部被ばくか」  Nosebleed in Fukushima – Internal Exposure  神戸の医師、学会で発表 

After the nuclear accident caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake, numerous nosebleed cases in children in the prefecture of Fukushima raised immediate worries.



As it was shown in the now infamous Manga “Oishinbo”, which was heavily criticized for showing these nosebleeds and was accused of spreading “harmful” rumors, these cases can be attributed to internal exposure by inhaling metal radioactive particles substance that cling on the mucosa of the nose. According to Dr. Goji Hideo, about one in two evacuees from Fukushima are experiencing nosebleeds, sometimes entire families. Sudden nosebleed started to subside after evacuation.  Goji sensei graduated at the Kobe University School of Medicine and is the Director of the Higashikanbe clinic (Kobe). He continues to treat survivors and serve as a health counselor for the victims of Fukushima. You can follow some of his seminars and speeches on IWJ.

particles nose inhaling

東 日本大震災による原発事故の後、福島県では、子どもを中心に鼻血が出る症状が相次いだ。漫画「美味(おい)しんぼ」で登場人物が鼻血を流す場面が「風評被 害を招く」などと批判されたが、実際に放射性物質が結合した金属粒子が鼻の粘膜に付着し、内部被ばくを起こした可能性があることを、東神戸診療所(神戸市 中央区)の郷地(ごうち)秀夫所長が12日に名古屋市で開かれた日本社会医学会で発表した.
iwaki kids

しかし、東日本大震災の被災地では、原発から飛散した放射性セシウムなどが金属粒子と結び付き拡散したことが気象庁気象研究所の観測などで確認され た。東 日本一円で医療機関のエックス線フィルムが粒子で感光する現象もみられ、当初から健康への影響を疑う声が聞かれていた。

Dr Goji Hideo 郷地秀夫氏
Dr Goji Hideo 郷地秀夫氏



郷地所長は金属粒 子が鼻の粘膜に付着したのが引き金となった可能性を指摘しており、実際に福島原発事故では原発から飛散した放射性物質が金属粒子と結び付いているのが発見 されています。放射能を含んだ金属粒子は1日100ミリシーベルトを超える放射線を放出する物もあるようで、これが鼻の粘膜等に付着することで鼻血のよう な急性被ばく症状が発生するようです。
当 ブログでは美味しんぼ騒動の時に鼻血の大量報告を証明する数々の資料を紹介しましたが、やっぱり放射能被ばくが原因でしたね。岡山大、広島大、熊本学園大 のグループが2013年に発表した調査資料では、福島県双葉町の鼻血報告数は西日本の数倍と記載されています。双葉町の議事録にも鼻血の被害を訴えている 男性の言葉が書いてあるわけで、あの時に鼻血のことを「デマだ!」と叫んでいた方がデマだったと言えるでしょう。

Source: Evacuate Fukushima

Saturday, 4 April 2015

Tepco: Technology To Decommission Fukushima Needs To Be Invented

April 4, 2015
by Richard Wilcox, PhD

Anyone with a brain could have told you back in 2011 at the time of the Fukushima nuclear triple meltdown that Tokyo Electric (Tepco) was lying about the true condition of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant No. 1 (“Dai-ichi”). Four years later, Tepco officials have finally admitted that it may not be technologically possible to decommission the plant.
The long history of the criminal insanity and negligence of the nuclear industry is revealed in our book, Fukushima: Dispossession or Denuclearization? (edited by Nadesan, Boys, McKillop & Wilcox) which was published last year, and includes detailed chapters from a number of writers who document the nuclear crimes.
In the case of Tepco (Tipkill), the facts are overwhelming that not only was Fukushima an “accident waiting to happen” but rather “a foregone conclusion.” The location of the plant on soft fill soil at a low altitude near the ocean in a tsunami zone was the first big mistake of the planners, who must have graduated from the Homer Simpson school of donutology. Cost-cutting, corruption and incompetence is part of the well-documented history, which ultimately led to the triple meltdowns.
Will the destroyed reactors ultimately need to be buried in a sarcophagus as has been done with Chernobyl which now has the world’s largest moveable “building” covering it (at no small expense)? One big problem — Chernobyl was just one reactor and rests on rock-solid ground, so the radiation can’t go too far downward. At Fukushima the reactors rest on a mushy place next to the ocean which is also atop an underground aquifer/river deep below it. It is theoretically possible that the radiation could leak into that aquifer and reach Tokyo someday.
If they have to build a sarcophagus it will be Mission Impossible since the shielding would have to be underground as well. Nuclear engineer, Arnie Gundersen proposed this as the only solution and noted a complicated underground piping system would have to be installed to process the leaking radiation before it escapes to the ocean. He also said it may take 500 years to decommission Fukushima.

Now, some of the big-wigs at Tepco have admitted it may be impossible to decommission Fukushima due to the technical hurdles, namely, that retrieving the melted fuel is going to take years to accomplish since the technology does not yet exist (1; 2). Decommissioning Fukushima will involve a great deal of time and money, but also intelligent coordination of R&D, which has thus far not been the path. Bureaucracies, as everyone knows, do just the opposite, they wallow in inefficiency. Maybe Japan needs a strong and benevolent dictator.
One of the main technical problems with retrieving the melted fuel is that it must constantly be cooled in water, but the containers are full of holes and leaks. However, as our friend Nancy Foust of the Simply Info website points out, “the International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning (IRID) already includes a ‘no water’ option in their rough planning. If that is the route they will have to go then they will need to put all their effort into that research” (personal communication, April, 2015).
Focusing effort into the right research is good advice, however IRID also made the dubious claim that the fuel could be retrieved within ten years which contradicts the pessimism of other officials and draws into question IRID credibility. Somebody ought to get the story straight.
The level of BS at Fukushima is almost as deep as how far the fuel may have melted underground. One scenario from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) describes the melted fuel in a state whereby it “erodes sideways…. The final size of the pooling maximum case is 10 to 15 meters in diameter, and 6-7 meters deep– or even deeper” (3).
Fukushima Diary reports that “Tepco and the government of Japan have been saying though molten fuel had a core-concrete reaction in [the] pedestal, but [has] stopped sinking in the concrete.” Now Tepco is starting to admit the fuel may be “outside of [the] pedestal, Tepco needs to investigate the sub-basement floor of Reactor 1. It is reported that the feasibility of inspection would be confirmed in the end of 2015” (4). Maybe they are now getting ready to admit it is indeed outside the concrete floor.
Foust told me that the location of the fuel could have been determined back in 2012 using “muon” cosmic ray scanners. Apparently this was not done because Homer Simpson, who is in charge of Fukushima decommissioning, spent the funds on donuts.
Seriously, not only is this a kind of gross incompetence (which is reminiscent of the way nuclear operations have been carried out throughout most of the world since the technology was adopted) but also appears to be a blatant political cover-up. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) want to keep news of the actual location of the fuel secret until after they have restarted a number of the currently idled reactors in Japan. Politicians lie, governments lie, corporations are amoral killing machines. Abe even admitted he lied to the Olympic committee in order to get the 2020 Olympics bid when he told them “everything is under control” at Fukushima.
Could it be these admissions by Tepco of the dire situation are part of a psychological conditioning to get more money out of the government? One should never take statements from powerful individuals or governments/corporations at face value. On the other hand, the new chief of decommissioning, Mr. Masuda, may be a more honest and intelligent engineer and sincere about getting at the problem.
Foust provides us with a useful overview and summary of the sorry situation:

At some point the true state of Daiichi will have to be made public. The true state must be known and understood in order to do the needed research towards whatever resolution is determined to be the end goal. Right now that is fuel retrieval so the buildings could eventually be torn down. The muon scans are a step in that direction. They can use those to establish if any fuel is left in the reactors or not. If you remember back to 2011 TEPCO was insisting that most of the fuel was still in the reactor vessels. As more data is completed TEPCO is forced to admit reality. The next step after the muon scans for units 1-3 is to put the Hitachi shape changing robot into containment. If that goes as planned it will tell them where the fuel is, or isn’t. That is going to be the huge bit of data. Once the fuel is located and disclosed the extent of the meltdowns will have to be admitted. IMHO this is why LDP is so intent on getting reactors restarted right now.
What is problematic in all of this is that TEPCO is still involved. Because TEPCO is involved and also ultimately responsible for the bill for the entire mess, it is a conflict of interest. They want to deal with the problem but as cheaply as possible. You can’t have a challenge of international proportion and a self serving company who only cares about profits. TEPCO has a documented habit of taking concepts put forth by contractors or outside researchers then trying to do them on the cheap. Then the project doesn’t perform as planned and the money is wasted. The holding ponds are a perfect example of that.
Some of these efforts really are experiments. Nobody has tried these things before in this context. So it should be expected that some things won’t work as hoped right out of the box, some might need adjustments. But when you add TEPCO cost cutting to that challenge is becomes very problematic.
As far as the condition of the reactors. We had a pretty good idea in 2011 about what took place in the three melted down units. TEPCO won’t admit the possibility of something until there is no denying it so it is a slow process of enough evidence that some facet can no longer be ignored.
 I must remind readers that alternative energy is viable, it is here and now. Even Forbes magazine published an article by the world’s leading alternative energy expert, Amory Lovins, proving irrefutably that Japan could be a rich source for solar and wind power which could significantly diminish the need for carbon let alone nuclear energy sources.
Ultimately nuclear power is rooted in the liberal ideology of unleashing nature’s potential as an inevitable process of human development. However, as Russia’s leading political philosopher, Alexander Dugin points out, “liberalism” in its truest form leads to the ultimate destruction of humanity: by replacing traditions with corporate hegemony; by replacing nature with artificial reality; and by replacing humans with robots (transhumanism) (5).
It could be argued that the wind and sun are natural sources of energy in keeping with his conservative ideology. In that sense, Dugin states correctly:

If you are in favor of global liberal hegemony, you are the enemy.
1. Decommissioning Chief Speaks Out
2. Japan faces 200-year wait for Fukushima clean-up
3. AP: Melted fuel may have “dropped even beyond” the bottom of Fukushima plant
4. Tepco started stating molten fuel might be out of pedestal of Reactor 1
5. Alexandr Dugin – The Fourth Political Theory


Radioactive waste "forgotten"

April 2, 2015

Any material that radioactive cesium contamination exceeds 8000 Bq / kg should be classified radioactive waste. However, according to the Ministry of Environment, 3648 tons of waste, which contamination is exceeding this limit, were not correctly classified. This is in Miyagi Prefecture where are the most, with 2711 tons and in Iwate Prefecture, with 710 tons. It is mostly rice straw and hay.

The municipalities concerned are responsible for storing this waste the time that a final solution is found by the government. But some preferred to say nothing to protect their image. For others, it's a hardship. In Kurihara (Miyagi Prefecture), for example, there are officially 974 tons of rice straw exceeding the 8000 Bq / kg limit, which the town does not know what to do with. And the government has nothing to offer for now because the search for a storage site is blocked. So as there is more downside to declare the waste many prefer to say nothing.

In late December 2014, there were officially 157,420 tons of radioactive waste accumulated in 12 provinces other than Fukushima.

Source : Acro

Wednesday, 25 March 2015

Gov’t Expert: Fukushima caused gov’t 70,000-fold increase in Plutonium-241 in Japan — US Nuke Lab: Events such as Fukushima have resulted in plutonium contamination of large areas of oceans — Officials: Molten fuel is now ‘particle-like’ and contains ‘special nuclear materials’


Taeko Shinonaga, head of Radioanalytical Laboratory at Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen (research institution founded jointly by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Education & Research and Bavaria’s Finance Ministry), scientists from Technische Universitat Munchen (Germany), Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft 2013 meeting (emphasis added): Detection of long-lived plutonium isotopes in environmental samples by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) —Plutonium isotopes 239Pu, 240Pu and 242Pu are anthropogenic radionuclides emitted into the environment by nuclear activities. Pu is accumulated in the human body and hence, poses a considerable hazard to human health. Due to the long half-lives, these isotopes arepresent in the biosphere on large time scales and a build-up can be expected. Therefore it is important to study the contamination pathway of Pu into the drinking water… a method to detect long-lived Pu isotopes by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) is being developed. AMS requires only few milligrams of sample material… Consequently, more samples from different locations can be taken which is essential when searching for locally increased Pu concentrations as in the Pacific Ocean after the Fukushima accident… Samples from different locations in the Pacific Ocean and from the snow-hydrosphere are planned…
Taeko Shinonaga, head of Radioanalytical Laboratory at Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Nov 2014:  Comparison of activity between [nuclear bomb testing] fallout Pu particle and Fukushima origin Pu particle
Global Fallout Pu in Japan [GF]
  • Pu240: 1,360 Bq
  • Pu241645 Bq
  • Total: 208,005 Bq
Fukushima Pu found in our study
  • Pu240: 197,000 Bq [145 times GF]
  • Pu24143,700,000 Bq [67,752 times]
  • Total: 44,061,000 Bq [212 times]

[end snip]

read full article:

Friday, 20 March 2015

Nearly all fuel in Fukushima No. 1 reactor has melted, says TEPCO : Japan Times



New tests show almost all of the fuel inside one of the Fukushima nuclear plant’s reactors has melted, its operator said Thursday, the latest step in the clean-up after Japan’s worst ever nuclear crisis.
Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO) said the technology, which uses elementary particles called “muon” to create x-ray style images, gave the most concrete evidence yet the fuel had dropped to the bottom of No. 1 reactor.

The data, though largely expected...

Engineers have not been able to develop a machine to directly see the exact location of the molten fuel, hampered by extremely high levels of radiation in and around the reactors.

“While our previous analysis have already strongly suggested that fuel rods had melted down, the latest study provided further data that we like to regard as progress in our effort to determine the exact locations of the debris,” said a TEPCO spokesman.

TEPCO plans to eventually use robots to locate the fuel debris as part of the decommissioning process, which is expected to take three to four decades to complete.

[end snip]

Thursday, 19 March 2015

Congenital Anomalies Statistically linked to Fukushima

The Researchers Joseph Mangano* and Janette D. Sherman, working for the Radiation and Public Health Project, New York, USA, published an article titled:

Changes in Congenital Anomaly Incidence in West Coast and Pacific States (USA) after Arrival of Fukushima Fallout

The Article begins:

"Radioactive fallout after the March 2011 Fukushima nuclear meltdown entered the U.S. environment within days; levels of radioactivity were particularly elevated in the five western states bordering on the Pacific Ocean." []

This is an acknowledgement that fallout was falling at high levels, at least along the coast, and that public health officials knew of it. The article then asks the scientific question:

"The particular sensitivity of the fetus to radiation exposure, and the ability of radioisotopes to attach to cells, tissues, and DNA raise the question of whether fetuses/newborns with birth defects with the greater exposures suffered elevated harm during the period after the meltdown." []

Research like this ought to be using rhetorical questions. But there has been so much propaganda and disinformation on the subject that researchers have to act like they don't already have evidence on the subjects. And sure enough:

"increase of 13.00% in the five western states is significantly greater than the 3.77% decrease for all other U.S. states combined (CI 0.030 - 0.205, p < 0.008). Consistent patterns of elevated increases are observed in the west (20 of 21 comparisons, 6 of which are statistically significant/borderline significant), by state, type of birth defect, month of birth, and month of conception. While these five anomalies are relatively uncommon (about 7500 cases per year in the U.S.), sometimes making statistical significance difficult to achieve, the consistency of the results lend strength to the analysis, and suggest fetal harm from Fukushima may have occurred in western U.S. states." []

The PDF of the article contains the following []

The Authors looked at a list of particularly gruesome birth defects and anomolies:
Cleft palate or cleft lip,
Down syndrome,
Spina Bifida/meningocele

Their hypothesis:

"is that the 2010-2011 rate change of these five anomalies increased more sharply in the five Pacific/West Coast states than the rest of the U.S., based on the presence of elevated levels of fallout from the Fukushima meltdown in the period following March 2011, and the well-documented pattern of risk to humans irradiated in utero." []

There was no question for them that we were hit with considerable fallout:

"The only measure of radioactivity with large numbers of measurements in the period just after Fukushima, when environmental radiation was highest (March 15-April 30, 2011), along with the prior year, is not a specific isotope, but airborne beta emitters, or “gross beta”. During this 47 day period, well over 1000 samples with detectable concentrations were collected by the EPA at over 100 U.S. stations."

And note this is a proxy, but under-reports radiation exposure. And they present the statistics in a table:

They then note about the first table:

"For most of the period January 1 to October 4, the ratio of 2011 to 2010 beta averages was similar across the U.S. (0.983 for 18 sites in the western states, 1.018 for 31 non-western U.S. sites). But in the period March 15 to April 30, immediately after Fukushima fallout arrived, the 2011/2010 ratio for the 18 sites in the western states (7.345), was considerably higher than the 31 non-western U.S. sites (2.397). Although this is not a comprehensive assessment of dose by geographic area, it supports the belief that the greater exposures from the meltdown occurred in the five western states, using a broad measure of radiation such as gross beta. Appendix 1 shows the radiation measurement sites used. The group that will be most susceptible"

Again the wiggle words, imposed on scientists due to the confidential nature of their sources and the clamp of top security placed on all things nuclear, including those things that affect whether we know they are killing us, damaging our babies before they are born, or not.

Then they provide associated rates of Birth rates, before and after, in a second table as a baseline:

This allows them to use reported birth defect data and correlate it against the period April to November 2010 and 2011. They measured:

"A 2010-2011 increase in birth defect rates was observed for each of the five states, including Alaska (+69.52%), California (+11.88%), Hawaii (+3.90%), Oregon (+8.87%), and Washington (+15.53%). Compared to the −3.77% decline for all other U.S. states, only the California increase achieved statistical significance (CI0.001 - 0.167, p < 0.05), as 58% of the birth defects in the five states occur to California residents. The unusually large rise in Alaska is countered by the small number of cases (10 and 15 for each year), rendering the change not statistically significant."

But here's the thing. They make claims of statistical correlation and then discount them for Alaska as "not statistically significant" for lack of numbers. This may be valid scientific-speak. But if someone observes a 69% increase in incidents of birth defects even in a small population I'm not sure the validity of the math they are using. But you see that all over science from this subject. They'll deny significance of data at the drop of a hat. They weren't forced to do that in this case. The overall evidence is "statistically significant." I'm just surprised they were allowed to publish the report. And more importantly they were allowed to admit that.

They conclude:

"Our hypothesis that areas in the U.S. which received elevated levels of environmental radioactivity from the Fukushima meltdown are at risk for increased birth defects is based on the documented evidence of cellular damage from radiation exposure, the particular sensitivity of the fetus to radiation, and numerous reports of elevated congenital anomaly rates after exposure to fallout from atomic bomb detonations and nuclear reactor meltdowns.

And the report sustains that hypothesis:

"We find a consistent pattern of excess 2010-2011 increases in birth defect rates in the five West Coast/Pacific states, compared to the rest of the U.S., for the eight-month period April-November. The April-November 2011 birth cohort was exposed to Fukushima radioactivity while in utero."

So the truth comes out, with buzzwords, weasel words, and caveats. But the truth always comes out.